Public access is an effort to make publications resulting from federally funded research available to the public. In most cases, this means that copies of published articles are deposited into a designated repository and made publicly available within 12 months of the date of publication. Public access differs from open access in that copies of the articles are held by the funding organization rather than the publisher making the article accessible.
In February of 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released a memorandum on "Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research." This memo asked that "each Federal agency with over $100 million in annual conduct of research and development expenditures to develop a plan to support increased public access to the results of research funded by the Federal Government . . . This includes any results published in peer-reviewed scholarly publications that are based on research that directly arises from Federal funds"
As of June 2016, 16 agencies have published plans in line with the OSTP memo.
Department of Agriculture
|PubAg||January 1, 2016||Open Government at USDA|
|Department of Defense||Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) database||Late 2016||Department of Defense Plan to Establish Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research|
|Department of Energy||Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)||October 2014||DOE Public Access Plan|
|Department of Health & Human Services||PubMed Central||January 2016 (tentative)||HHS Public Access|
|Administration for Community Living||PubMed Central||October 1, 2016||Administration for Community Living (ACL) Public Access Plan|
|Agency for Health Research & Quality||PubMed Central||December 2014||AHRQ Public Access to Federally Funded Research|
|Assistant Secretary for Preparedness & Response||PubMed Central||October 1, 2015||ASPR Public Access Plan|
|Centers for Disease Control||PubMed Central||July 2013||CDC Plan for Increasing Access to Scientific Publications and Digital Scientific Data Generated with CDC Funding|
|Food & Drug Administration||PubMed Central||October 1, 2015||Public Access to Results of FDA-Funded Scientific Research|
|National Institutes of Health||PubMed Central||April 7, 2008||NIH Public Access Policy|
|Department of Transportation||National Transportation Library||December 31, 2015||Official DOT Public Access Plan|
|Department of Veterans Affairs||PubMed Central||February 1, 2015||VA Public Access|
|National Aeronautics and Space Administration||PubMed Central||2015||NASA Plan: Increasing Access to the Results of Scientific Research|
|National Institute of Standards & Technology||PubMed Central||October 2015 (intramural), October 2016 (extramural)||Open Data at NIST|
|National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration||NOAA Institutional Repository||2016 Q1 (intramural), 2016 Q2 (extramural)||NOAA Plan for Increasing Public Access to Research Results|
|National Science Foundation||NSF Public Access Repository||January 2016||Public Access to Results of NSF-Funded Research|
|Smithsonian Institution||Smithsonian Research Online||October 1, 2015||Smithsonian Institution: Plan for Increased Public Access to Results of Federally Funded Research|
|U.S. Geological Survey||USGS Publications Warehouse||October 1, 2016||Public Access to Results of Federally Funded Research at the U.S. Geological Survey|